The history of Kaziranga as a protected area can be traced back to 1904, when Mary Curzon, the wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, visited the area. After failing to see a single rhinoceros, for which the area was renowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent measures to protect the dwindling species which he did by initiating planning for their protection. On 1st June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with an area of 232 km2. Latter the park was given official status by the government of India on 11 February 1974 by declaring it as a National Park covering about 430 km2. In 1985, Kaziranga National Park was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The park has the distinction of being home to the world's largest population of the One-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855), wild Asiatic water buffalo (1,666) and eastern swamp deer (468). Significant populations of large herbivores include elephants (1,940), gaur (30) and sambar (58). Small herbivores include the Indian muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer.
Kaziranga was also declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has very high density of tigers @ one per five km2, with a population of 118,according to the latest census.
Visitor activities :
Observing the wildlife and birding is the main visitor activity in and around the park. Guided tours by elephant or Jeep are available.
Major cities near the park are Guwahati (225 kilometres ) and Jorhat (97 kilometres). Both the cities has airport and rail stations.