Information about Assam
Assam is the gateway to the north eastern part of India. The name "Assam" is derived from the word "Asom". Which in Sanskrit, means unequal due to the uneven topography of the land with hills, plains and rivers.
History of Assam
Assam's history goes back to ancient times. The base of this history can be found in Tantric literature, Buddhist literature, Vedic literature and in the epics. The ancient name of Assam is "Kamarupa" as mentioned in the Ramayana. According to a popular legend, "Kama" the God of Love tried to arouse passion in the heart of Lord Shiva who was in meditation. Shiva opened his third eye and destroyed Kama Dev. The compassionate Lord later forgave Kama and revived him. The land where Kama got back his "Rupa" the form, came to be known as Kamarupa.
Geography of Assam
Geographically, Assam broadly comprises of the Brahmaputra Valley and the Barak valley. Assam is bordered in the north by Bhutan, in the east by Arunachal Pradesh, in the south by Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram, in the south west by Meghalaya and in the west by West Bengal and Bangladesh.
Festivals of Assam
Assam is a land of fairs and festivals. There are three main festivals in Assam. These festivals are Bohaag Bihu celebrated in the month of Bohaag (mid April), Maagh Bihu celebrated in the month of Maagh (mid January) and Kati Bihu celebrated in the month of Kaati (mid October).
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam
Assam is known for the large variety of flora and fauna. Some of the famous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Assam are the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Nameri National Park, Orang National Park and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. The Kaziranga National Park is the first National Park in Assam and is the home of the great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros.
Majuli is the world's biggest river island and a principal place of pilgrimage for the Vaishnavites of Assam since the Ahom days. There are several Satras of Vaishnava religious creed. Of these holy seats, Auniati, Daksinpath, Garamur and Kamlabari are the four most prominent.
Sivasagar is the place from which the Ahoms The Mongolian Ahom dynasty ruled the whole province of Assam from 1228 to 1826. Sivasagar (earlier known as Rongpur) was the capital of Ahom Kingdom . In Sivasagar you can visit all ancient monuments of the Great Ahom Kingdoms. Among them are Kareng Ghar, Rang Ghar, Talatal ghar etc. You can also visit Sivadol- the tallest temple of Lord Siva in India.
Digboi Oil Field which is not just an Oil Field but an Oil Museum . The world's oldest operating Oil Machineries of Digboi is still producing in excess of its capacity and hence the name of Digboi is the "Oil City of Assam". One can visit the oil museum at Digboi.
How to reach Assam
Assam is well connected by air with rest of India. The state capital Guwahati is well connected by air, train & road with the rest of the country.